خروس سیراما Serama
خروس سیراما Serama
نام انگلیسی: Serama
نام فارسی: سیراما
خروس سیراما Serama خصوصیات: این نژاد در یکی از ایالت های مالزی که «کیلانتان Kelantan» نامیده می شود از تلاقی نژاد جنگجوی ژاپنی با برخی از نژادهای جنگجوی محلی مالزی به وجود آمد. از نژادهای بسیار کوچک است که وزن بالغ آن کمتر از ۴۵۰ گرم است و این نژاد را به نام «راما» یکی از پادشاهان قدیمی تایلند نامیده اند، زیرا که حالتی مغرورانه به خود گرفته و بدن خود را صاف نگهداشته و سینه را جلو داده و دم خود را بلند نگه میدارد.
Quoting from wikipedia Serama
Serema originate in the Malaysian state of Kelantan, apparently through the crossing of Japanese and Malaysian bantams. Other stories of the birds derived from a gift of some small chickens by the King of Thailand to a local sultan in ancient times. Small chickens have always been popular pets in this area and are often referred to as "ayam katik" (pygmy chickens) and "ayam cantik" (pretty chickens).
The modern breed is attributed to the efforts of Wee Yean Een from Kelantan, who named the breed "Serama" after Rama, the title of the Kings of Thailand. The breed was first exhibited in 1990. The breed was hit hard by the Asian bird flu epidemic in 2004 when many birds were culled amid government concerns.
There are no written standards for the breed in its native country. However, they do now have an overall guide on scoring and judging for competitions in Malaysia. Many breeders have a style or type that they breed to, but often breeders keep several "styles". These styles are often names given by breeders to describe a blood line of a champion (e.g. Husin, Mat Awang), but may also be more general shape, characteristics or behaviour (e.g. slim, submarine, and dragon). Hence there is quite a lot of diversity in Malaysia, but an overall theme of a small brave chicken with a persona of fearless warrior or toy soldier. The shape, behaviour, temperament and size of the bird are the most important characteristics. They compete against each other in open table top competitions (often described as "beauty contests") and scored by several judges. The prize for the winning birds can be quite a bit of money.